厦门大学海洋与地球学院

College of Ocean and Earth Sciences
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海洋科技博物馆
神经网络在地球科学中的应用
2017/12/1 614 返回上页
2017-12-6 (星期三) 10:00-11:00
韦骏,博士
周隆泉楼A3-206

【来访单位 Institution】:北京大学物理学院,中国 

【邀请人 Host】:唐甜甜      【联络人 Contact】:刘洁 

报告人:韦骏 博士

北京大学物理学院 “百人计划”研究员

2006 美国纽约州立大学石溪分校大气与海洋学院  博士

摘要:

In my talk, I will take an example of typhoon to demonstrate potential applications of neural network in earth sciences. In this study, three algorithms are proposed that can be used to provide sea surface temperature (SST) conditions for typhoon prediction models. Different from traditional data assimilation approaches, which provide prescribed initial/boundary conditions, our proposed algorithms aim to resolve a flow-dependent SST feedback between growing typhoons and oceans in the future time. Two of these algorithms are based on linear temperature equations (TE-based) and the other is based on an innovative technique involving machine learning (ML-based). The algorithms are then implemented into a WRF model for the simulation of typhoon Soulik (2013) to assess their effectiveness, and the results show significant improvement in simulated storm intensities by including ocean cooling feedback. The ML-based algorithm is based on a neural network, consisting of multiple layers of input variables and neurons, and produces the best estimate of the cooling structure, in terms of its amplitude and position. Therefore, with an appropriate selection of input variables and neuron sizes, the ML-based algorithm appears to be more efficient in prognosing the typhoon-induced ocean cooling and in predicting typhoon intensity than those algorithms based on linear regression methods.