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Incident ultraviolet irradiances influence physiology, development and settlement of larva in the coral Pocillopora damicornis
MEL MEL 2016/6/4 456

Abstract:

Ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280–400 nm) is one of the potential factors involved in the induction of coral bleaching, loss of the endosymbiotic dino?agellate Symbiodinium or their photosynthetic pigments. However, little has been documented on its effects on the behavior and recruitment of

coral larvae, which sustains coral reef ecosystems. Here, we analyzed physiological changes in larvae of the scleractinian coralPocillopora damicornis and examined the photophysiological performance of the symbiont algae, following exposure to incident levels of UVR and subsequently observed the development of coral larvae. The endosymbiotic algae exhibited a high sensitivity to UV-B (295 –320 nm) during a 6 h exposure, showing lowered photosynthetic performance per

larva and per algal cell, whereas the presence of UV-A (320–395 nm) signi?cantly stimulated photosynthesis. UVR decreased chlorophyll a concentration only at higher surface temperature or at the higher doses or intensities of UVR. Correlations between UV-absorbing compound (UVAC) con-tents or UVR sensitivity and temperature were identi?ed, implying that UVACs might act as a screen or antioxidants in Pocillopora damicornis larvae. Larvae reared under UVR exposures showed lower levels of survivorship, metamorphosis and settlement, with inhibition by UV-A being much greater than that caused by UV-B.

Reference: Zhou J, Fan T-Y, Beardall J, Gao K (2016) Incident ultraviolet irradiances influence physiology, development and settlement of larva in the coral Pocillopora damicornis. Photochemistry and Photobiology 92:293-300

Link to full text: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/php.12567/pdf




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